Unit 5&6 – Task 2

        The play was set around World War 2, which was the years were around 1939-1945.
        In 1939:

      • World War 2 starts.
      • American aviation hero Charles A. Lindbergh makes his first anti-intervention radio speech.
      • In Washington, the National Women’s Party meets and urges the Congress to act on an Equal Rights Amendment.

http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/WWII_Women/NewTimeline.html

(Thursday 1st December)

During this year World War 2 started meaning the men had to go off and go to war. This is wear the story begins because the women are left behind to do all the labour work. It says that the National Women’s Party acted on Equal Rights Amendment, which is designed to guarantee equal rights for women. This made an impact on the play because that is how women started working and doing the mens jobs.With the war starting the writer was influenced about the stories that the women on the farm had to tell, which all started in 1939. The Women’s Land Army was set up in June of this year, 1939.

In 1940:

      • The U.S. government issues its first Social Security checks, totaling just over $75,000.
      • British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlin resigns in disgrace. He will be replaced by Winston Churchill.
      • Germany declares a blockade of British waters, and begins a bombing campaign which, by September, will be killing hundreds each day. In November, German air raids will kill more than 4,500 Britons.

http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/WWII_Women/NewTimeline.html

(Thursday 1st December)

With the prime minister at this time Chamberlain was best known for his foreign policy and how he signed the Munich Agreement, which is a settlement permitting Nazi Germany’s along the country’s borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, in 1938. However, when Adolf Hitler later invaded Poland, the UK declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939, and Chamberlain led Britain through the first eight months of World War 2. This is were he resigned and Winston Churchill became Prime Minister. With the bombings, the women on the farm would regularly hear it or assume that the noise which is similar to bombing, which it might not be, is bombing.

In 1941:

      • Britain receives its first American “Lend-Lease” aid shipments of food. By December, millions of tons of food will have arrived from the U.S.
      • Secret meetings between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill begin off the coast of Newfoundland.
      • German troops invading the Ukraine machine-gun to death between 50,000 and 96,000 Ukranians (of which at least 60 percent are Jews), in Babi Yar, a ravine about 30 miles outside of Kiev.

http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/WWII_Women/NewTimeline.html

(Thursday 1st December)

Some women embraced the traditional position of women as caretakers and home makers. Others offered new opportunities, from which women had been previously excluded. Carrying on with the working of the women, the fact is nearly 19 million American women held jobs during World War II, out of which around 6 million entered the labor force as new female workers. Or though it wasn’t all labour work, also nurses for front lines and there was a great increase of women serving in the military in WWII. Another big thing was women also joined the federal government and served in community organizations in massive numbers.

In 1942:

      • Congress appropriates 26.5 billion dollars for the U.S. Navy, bringing total U.S. war costs since June of 1940 to more than 115 billion dollars.
      • Gasoline rationing goes into effect in the Eastern United States. Nationwide rationing will begin in September.
      • French police round up 30,000 Parisian Jews, and German troops bus them out of the city to concentration camps. Approximately 30 will survive.

http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/WWII_Women/NewTimeline.html

(Thursday 1st December)

War bonds introduced raising $13 billion. The Women’s Coast Guard Auxiliary established which was composed of two broad classifications: Regular Reservists and Temporary Reservists. When the voice of America stared broadcasting, it made an impact on the writer because throughout the woman journals that worked on the farm, every now and then they would listen to the radio because the war was going on but as well as for comfort. Throughout these years the woman started thinking this work isn’t even that bad why was the men always moaning about it.

In 1943:

      • Forces representing Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the U.S. capture the southeaster tip of New Guinea from Japanese troops, in an attempt to protect Australia from a Japanese invasion.
      • A group of wives of Jewish men gather in Berlin to stop the deportation of their husbands to concentrations camp. The group of women will grow to 1,000 by March 8 and will succeed in forcing Joseph Goebbels to order the release of 1,500 men.
      • In the U.S., President Roosevelt issues an executive order forbidding racial discrimination by government contractors.

http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/WWII_Women/NewTimeline.html

(Thursday 1st December)

The wives who stood up for their husbands might have had an impact own the writer because it shows the growth in the women throughout the years, from when they first started, to where they are now. As well as the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League was created, making it seem the women are starting to become more independent, which the writer can be influenced by because when the men are meant to come back home and do work the females are not going to want to do that. A court of Inquiry recommended a new grading system which was agreed by the Amalgamated Engineering Union. However, the women believed the new system would still leave 80% of them on the lowest rate and went on a one-week strike in October 1943. And this influenced the writer as well because they went on strike, meaning they are standing up to what they believe in.

1944:

      • Russian troops recapture Novgorod, and will retake Leningrad a week later. By early May, they will have recaptured Odessa and Sevastopol as well. Meanwhile the British Royal Air Force bombs Berlin with more than 2,300 tons of bombs.
      • “D-Day”: The Allied invasion of Europe commences just after midnight, as more than 175,000 troops land at Normandy. The largest invasion force in history, it includes 4,000 invasion ships, 600 warships, and 10,000 planes.
      • In the U.S., President Roosevelt signs the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act that will provide funds for housing and education after the war. It is better known as the GI Bill of Rights.

http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/WWII_Women/NewTimeline.html

(Thursday 1st December)

D-Day is a big event which is were the landing operations of the allied invasion of Normandy in operation overload during World War II. Some limited agreement on equal pay was reached that allowed equal pay for women where they performed the same job as men had ‘without assistance or supervision’. Most employers managed to circumvent the issue of equal pay. Semi-skilled and unskilled jobs were designated as ‘women’s jobs’ and were exempt from equal pay negotiations.

1945:

      • Russian troops find fewer than 3,000 survivors when they liberate Auschwitz, the Nazi death camp in Poland. The German S.S. has moved many of the remaining prisoners to camps inside Germany.
      • U.S. troops invading the Philippines have received reenforcements, and a force led by General McArthur enters Manila. The city will be completely retaken in less than three weeks.
      • British planes attack the German city of Dresden, bombing with phosphorus and high explosives; the firestorm created by the bombing kills an estimated 135,000.
      • U.S. B-24 bombers attack Tokyo, starting fires that will kill more than 120,000.
      • US troops reach the Elbe River (in Germany). They halt there and meet advancing Russian troops on April 25.

http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/WWII_Women/NewTimeline.html

(Thursday 1st December)

This year influenced the writer because the War finished and it meant the men would be returning and getting back to the jobs, allowing the women to become house wives again. However in the story it does say at the end they would do it all over again  if they could, which means the women were not moaning to do with work. The writer could this from 4 different women diaries and over the years she showed the similarities to do with the women and the differences, such as were they all come from and how they were brought up, but however still all got stuck into the labour work.

 

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